Details for Vertical Inhomogeneity in Atmospheric Fog and Haze and it's effects on IR extinction

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Name:Vertical Inhomogeneity in Atmospheric Fog and Haze and it's effects on IR extinction
Description:Pinnick, R. G.; Hoihjelle, D. L.; Stenmark, E. B.; Lindberg, James D., Vertical inhomogeneity in atmospheric fog and haze and its effects on infrared extinction, J. Opt. Soc. Am, Vol.68, Page 540

Abstract

 

The presence of atmospheric fog and haze is important to radiative transfer in the atmosphere. For quantitative estimates of scattering and absorption by fod and haze particles, the size distribution is needed. Previously, fog and haze particulate size distributions have been measured by impaction techniques (Garland, 1971; Pilie, 1975; Krasikov and Chikirova, 1956; Kumai, 1973; low, 1975; May, 1961; barteneva and Polyakova, 1965; and Goodman, 1977), by collection of particles on spiderwebs (Arnulf et al., 1957), by a laser hologram camera (Kumkelm, 1971), and by light-scattering single particle counters (Eldridge, 1961; Laktionov, 1967). All of these techniques have serious limitations which restrict their usefulness and require measurements made with them to be regarded with caution. For example, impaction techniques involve laborious microsope measuremtn of droplets or droplet replicas, and corrections must be made to obtain true droplet size. Furthermore, impaction collection efficiencies must be applied to obtain relative particle concentrations.

 

In this article we present measurements of the size distribution of fog and haze particles made with a balloon-borne light-scattering single-particle counter, with emphasis on their effect on Infrared radiation. The primary advantages of using a light-scattering counter is that the measurement is donw in situ in real time, with minimal disturbance to the particles during measurement. Also, measurment of vertical structure is possible with this technique because a statistically significant size distribution measurement can be completed in a relatively short time (on the order of 1/2 minute), permitting a vertical upleg and lownleg to 200m altitude to be completed in 15 to 30 minutes. Measurements made during upleg and downleg portions of each tranverse show that temporal changes during such times scales were relatively small compared to vertical changes for most measurement periods.

Results from measurement of four haze and fog profiles presented here are typical of 19 profiles measured during February 1976 near Grafenwohr, a town located 100 km north of Nurnberg near the eastern border of West Germany. The local terrain consists of rollong hills and is partially forested; some of the land is tilled for farming.

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